Raising chickens seems fairly simple, right? Well, yes, that’s
actually mostly true (assuming you’re prepared to do some work now and then). But with chickens come
needs, as with any animal you’re caring for. What does every chicken need to be happy and healthy? It may
sound obvious, but here is what every chicken needs.
Chickens like space to run around, but they need a safe place to return to for
roosting every night or while laying. Inside that coop then you’ll want to make sure there are comfortable
nesting boxes set up to allow the chickens to lay to their heart’s content. However, just because you provide
nests doesn’t mean you’re done. Every coop should also have a roosting bar placed high up. Not all chickens
will want to roost high up, but it’s good to give the option as chickens in the wild generally prefer to sleep
in trees and such.
The importance of the coop is magnified during the various seasons. If it’s
cold outside, you may want to add a heater to your coop so that waddles don’t freeze. If it’s hot outside,
adding fans for circulation is vital to help your flock avoid heat stroke. Striking up this perfect balance can
be tough at times but otherwise your birds can become sick very easily.
While inside the coop, your chickens will spend quite a bit of time doing what
any animal does. As a result, you’ll want to clean out their coop about once a week, completely sweeping out
the old bedding and adding fresh bedding right away. The fresher the bedding is, the happier and healthier it
is for your hens. The longer used and soiled bedding is around, the more bacteria and parasites build up,
causing concern for possible infections or illnesses.
All animals need cool, clean water. With chickens, this need can very easily
be satisfied with a water feeder, though do be aware that chickens are somewhat…stupid animals. This means that
they don’t seem to see any problem with turning around and doing their business right in the water feeder, for
no other reason than they’re wild animals. It’s a good idea to clean out their water feeder once a day and add
some fresh water, free of poultry waste.
As with water, chicken feed is vital to their care. You can either use a
simple feeder, or get into the habit of selecting a specific time of day to do the feeding and then scatter the
feed to allow your flock to peck and scratch. A good combination of the two works well, and in addition to
feed, you may want to add in some green vegetables now and then to help them stay strong.
Space to Roam:
Finally, if you coop up your hens for too long, they can get stressed and even
become violent toward one another. The best advice for avoiding this is to provide adequate space to let them
run around and peck and scratch. Most chickens will happily forage during the day, helping offset the food
requirement a bit, plus they like to stretch their wings and run about now and then. Closer quarters means
higher risk of fights, and you don’t want that.
So really, chickens do not require that much. Certainly less than horses
anyway. If you’ve been worried about the actual physical demands for raising chickens, just keep in mind that
it’s not overwhelming if you’re prepared.
Toys for Chickens
Where to Buy Eggs and Chicks
Raising Chicks- Make Yourself the Mama
Cold Climates and Chickens
What Every Coop Needs
Poultry Diseases and How to Prevent Them
Chicken Nutrition- What Your Chicken Needs
In Its Feed
Protecting Your Flock From
Common Chicken Parasites
Chicken Care- A Month by Month Guide
Dust Baths, The Chicken Preference for
Molting: That's One Ugly Chicken!
How To Water-Bathe a Chicken
Helping Chickens Avoid Heat Stress
How Not to Care for Chickens
Maintaining Your Chicken Coop
Cannibalism In Chickens and What To Do To
Trimming Your Chicken's Beak
What Every Chicken Needs
Vegetarian Chickens or Well-Rounded Diets?
Considering a Movable Chicken Coop
Can Chickens Eat Table Scraps?
Selecting the Proper Feeder for Your
Cleaning Up After Your Chickens
The Proper Way to Handle a Chicken
Keeping Your Chickens' Nails in Check