Sultans, due to their unique look, are most used as show birds. They can still be used as decent layers in a pinch, but their strength is as an ornamental show bird.
Sultans has a placid nature, making them a simple chicken to keep, despite the added maintenance needed due to their extra feathering. Still, they’re calm, even when showing, making for an easy show bird.
While Sultans are a small chicken, their obvious feature is their uniquely shaped head, completely covered in feathers to create the appearance of a globular feather poof atop their head. They don’t have wattles, instead having a sort of three-part feather beard. Their tails are well-spread and carried medium high. Even stranger, they have blue feet that are completely covered by feathers, though what makes this strange is that they have five toes rather than the standard four.
Because of their facial feathering, Sultans will need a special drinker, such as a water tower. Because of the feathers on their feet, they do best in clean, roofed-in runs, though it’s not advised to place perches too high for roosting.
Hailing all the way from Constantinople, the Sultan originally lived inside the sultan’s castle grounds. By 1854, they were exported to England. What seems strange about them, besides the shape of their head feathers, is that drawings from 1881 show them with yellow legs, whereas today their legs are blue. World War I and II nearly forced the Sultan into extinction, surviving only through the British stocks. This caused a needed reconstruction via a number of other breeds meaning that as of now, the sultan is no longer descended from the sultan’s chickens.